Before beginning reading and writing tasks, children need to be physically and mentally prepared for this process. Delayed reading, poor writing skills, or slow reading speed are commonly observed when the reading and writing process starts without proper preparation. The preparatory work can be broadly categorized into three groups.
1. Listening exercises:
2. Muscle development exercises for fingers, hands, and arms:
Children initially use their larger muscle groups before progressing to fine motor skills involving smaller muscles. Activities such as playing with play dough and stringing beads assist in the development of fine motor skills necessary for writing.
3. Coloring and line tracing exercises:
Before engaging in coloring and drawing exercises, it is important to determine the preferred hand for holding the pencil. Left-handed students should not be compelled to use their right hand. Line drawings should be of sufficient quality to promote hand flexibility and consider writing directions, main characters, and aesthetics aligned with the structural characteristics of the letters to be written.
The initial steps for teaching reading and writing involve focusing on recognizing sounds. Nursery rhymes, songs, and visual-based riddles can be employed to teach sounds. Subsequently, the corresponding letters should be introduced to establish the sound-letter relationship. Once the sound-letter relationship is grasped, reading and writing activities can be initiated. Students should not face difficulties in correctly forming letters in terms of shape, direction, geometry, slope, and verticality. Initially, students should be encouraged to master the basic form of each letter. The uppercase letter should be introduced first, followed by the lowercase letter and their respective writing directions.
Answer Key: B – C – D – J – L – N – X – Z