Logical thinking is an important skill that children begin to develop from a very young age. By the first grade, children have already learned the fundamentals of logical thinking and reasoning and are prepared to take on more complex challenges.

Logical thinking plays a key role in the study of shapes, cubes, directions, and up-down views.

###### Shapes:

First graders learn about many shapes such squares, circles, triangles, and rectangles. They learn to identify and differentiate between these shapes based on their properties such as the number of sides, angles, and vertices. Children also learn about 2D and 3D shapes and their corresponding properties. For example, a square is a 2D shape with four sides of equal length and four right angles, while a cube is a 3D shape with six square faces of equal size.

###### Cubes:

Children learn about a particular category of 3D shape called cubes. They learn to identify cubes based on their characteristics, such as having eight vertices and six equal-sized square faces. Children also discover the various cube viewpoints, including the top, bottom, front, rear, left, and right sides.

###### Directions:

Logical reasoning requires an understanding of directions. The four cardinal directions—north, south, east, and west—are taught to first-graders. They gain knowledge of how to recognize these instructions on a map and how to use directions to move from one point to another. Along with learning how to traverse their environment, children also learn about relative directions like left, right, up, and down.

###### Up-down views:

Up-down views are another important aspect of logical thinking that children in grade 1 learn about. They learn to visualize objects from different perspectives, such as looking down at a cube or looking up at a building. By understanding up-down views, children are able to develop spatial awareness and understand how objects can appear differently depending on their position relative to the observer.