They purchased a big house.
If there is no object in the sentence, adjectives are used alone and are not preceded by the articles “a” or “an”.
She is beautiful.
My uncle is generous. He spends lots of money on poor people.
Comparative adjectives are used to compare more than one object.
In comparative sentences, the order is like:
∗If the adjective you use has one syllable, -er is added to the end of the adjective.
Big – Bigger
Short – Shorter
Fast – Faster
Dark – Darker
∗If the adjective you use has two syllables and ends with the letter “y”, that “y” is dropped and “ier” is substituted.
Funny – Funnier
Happy – Happier
∗If the adjective has two or more syllables, the word “more” is used before the adjective.
Comfortable – More comfortable
Popular – More popular
Expensive – More expensive
Superlative adjectives have the meaning of comparison as in the comparative adjectives, but instead of comparing 2 objects, one object is compared with all others.
When constructing a superlative sentence, the order of elements is like this:
Subject + Verb + The + Adjective + Object
∗If the adjective you will use in the sentence has one syllable, the adjective “-est” is added.
Biggest – The biggest
Shortest – The shortest
Fastest – The fastest
Darkest – The darkest
∗If the adjective you use has two syllables and ends with the letter “y”, that “y” is dropped and “iest” is substituted.
Funny – The funniest
Happy – The happiest
∗If the adjective has two or more syllables, the word “most” is used before the adjective.
Comfortable – The most comfortable
Popular – The most popular
Expensive – The most expensive
We have seen the rules of Comparative and Superlative structures. It’s actually not that difficult. But as in many other subjects in English, there are some exceptions. Here is the list of irregular adjectives:
Good – Better – Best
Bad – Worse – Worst
Far – Farther or Further – Farthest or Furthest
Much – More – Most
Many – More – Most
Little – Less – Least
Old – Elder – Eldest (for the family members)