English Grammar, Affixes Worksheet

The affix is added to the root of a word and causes a change in the meaning of that word. If an affix is added before a word, it is called a prefix and if it is added to the end, it is called a suffix. Suffixes can sometimes be separated by a hyphen.

Examples of affixes are given below:

  • Inaccurate  ⇒   in- is the prefix here. 
  • Walking      ⇒   ing- is the suffix here
  • Disobey      ⇒   dis- is the prefix here. 
  • Clearly        ⇒    ly- is the suffix here

The prefixes ‘dis-, in-, re-‘, and ‘un-‘ are the most commonly used prefixes.

The suffixes ‘-es, -ed, -ly’, and ‘-ing’ are the most commonly used suffixes.

∗ The prefixes that come before an adjective and give that adjective a negative meaning are as follows:

  • un-                        ⇒   uncomfortable     
  • im-/in-/ir-/il-       ⇒   impossible,  independent,  irresponsible, illegal 
  • non-                     ⇒   non-fat  
  • dis-                       ⇒   disorganized 

∗ The suffixes that form a noun when added to a noun, verb or adjective are as follows:

  • -tion/-sion     ⇒   information, suspension
  • -er                   ⇒   consumer
  • -ment             ⇒   employment
  • -al                   ⇒   denial                        
  • -ence/ance   ⇒   importance 
  • -ity                  ⇒   sanity 
  • ness             ⇒   selfishness 
  • -cy                  ⇒   infancy 
  • -ship              ⇒   friendship

∗ The suffixes that form an adjective by being added to a noun or verb, and derive an adjective from a noun or verb are as follows:

  • -al           political 
  • -ent        convenient
  • -ive      ⇒   informative 
  • -ous        delicious
  • -ful          beautiful    
  • -less     ⇒   careless 
  • -able    ⇒   comfortable 

Affixes

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